Sport (bolted) & Trad (traditional)
For these two types of advanced roped climbing, climbers are protected with a harness, rope, belayer, and bolts or “pro” protection gear placement. The rope is slipped through carabiners clipped into bolts via a sling, or protective gear as they climb upward. Sport climbing involves clipping bolts already drilled into the rock, whereas the more technical trad “traditional” climbing involves placing protective gear in cracks and features of the rock, then clipping in.
In this type of roped climbing, you are tied into one end of a climbing rope that passes through an anchor at the top of the route and your belayer at the bottom of the route. You use only your hands and feet to move up the rock wall. New climbers will want to hire a guide to get an intro to roped climbing, which requires technical skills. A guide will provide all of the gear, set up the rope and anchor, and give you helpful pointers as you climb up.
A great introduction and perfect for kids who love scrambling. It involves less gear and technical skills than roped climbing. Instead of scaling a tall rock face, bouldering is simply climbing small boulders and staying low to the ground so that you can drop onto a foam bouldering mat (crash pad) if you slip off. All you need to get started is a crash pad, pair of climbing shoes, and a chalk bag.